Adam, Alexander Bruce - merchant, b. Dunfermline, Fife shire, Scotland, July 2, 1839; s. Alexander and Bruce (Wilson) Adam; ed. schools of Dunfermline, Scotland; m. Boston, Mass., July 16, 1868, Alice Nash; one daughter: Elizabeth Bruce. Began business life as dry goods clerk, serving apprenticeship of five years in Dunfermline, followed by two years in retail store in Glasgow; came to Boston in 1859 from Scotland and entered the dry goods firm of Hogge, Brown & Taylor; came to Chicago in 1864 and entered the employ of Keith, Faxon & Co., wholesale millinery, which dissolved in 1867; then with O. R. Keith & Co., in the same line, until 1879, being a partner in that firm from 1870 until, in 1884, the firm of Edson Keith & Co., wholesale millinery, was founded, in which he was a partner until 1896; and since the present corporation of Edson Keith & Co. was organized, Jan. 1, 1897, has been its pres. Republican. Clubs: Chicago, Calumet, Washington Park. Office: 132-134 Michigan Av. Residence: 2249 Calumet Av.20
Adam, Robert - (1728-1792) Considered the most famous architect of his time, Robert Adam was the architect to King George the Third and the founder of neoclassicism. He was born in Kirkaldy, Fife in 1728 to William Adam. After his father's death he joined the family architectual firm called Adam Brothers, with his brothers, John, James and William. In 1758 he and James moved to London and set up shop. Building on the Palladian style, Adam took architecture one step further combining elements influenced by the Romans, Greeks, Byzantines, and Italian Baroque to create his own unique style. Further he designed everything to the smallest detail from the exterior to the interior giving his creations a sense of unity and flow.
Adam, William - (1689-1748) Father of Robert Adam and a famous architect of his time. William Adam was the architect hired by William, the 2nd Earl of Aberdeen to design Haddo House. 14
Adams, Cornelius Rollin -b. 1856 Lawyer b. Washington D.C. Son of Cornelius Bull Adams of Fairfield CT and Martha B. Loomis Adams, daughter of Gen. Lewis Loomis of Colebrook NH. He graduated Dr. Hanson's classical institute, Waterville, ME in 1877. Married Colebrook NH 1883 Myrtle Heath. On leaving school in 1879, he spent one year in office of H. S. and F. S. Osborn and then moved to Oshkosh, Wisconson where he was admitted to the Wisconsin bar; returned to Chicago in 1881 and was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1882 where he engaged in general practice of law in Chicago. Republican, Mason, K.T. Residence 1911 Maywood, IL; office 154 W. Randolph St.11
Adams, Cyrus Hall - b. 1849 - - Retired Board of Trade Merchant in 1911. Born Kerr's Creek, Rockbridge Co., VA, the son of Hugh and Amanda (McCormick) Adams, mother was daughter of Robert McCormick, ed. Chicago Public Schools and old Univ. of Chicago; married Chicago 9/26/1878 Emma J., daughter of Lyman Blair; one son, Cyrus H., Jr. Entered employ of Cyrus H. McCormick & Co., 1867; became member of the firm of McCormick, Adams and Co. in 1871 and head of the firm of Cyrus H. Adams & Co., 1883; retired from business due to ill health in 1889. During 1871-89 was member of the Arbitration committee, member of the Appeals commison and a director of the board of Trade. Was dir. Nat. Bank of America. Independent Democrat, Presbyterian, Trustee, McCormick Theological Seminary; member Board of Governors, Presbyterian Hospital for a number of years; governing member Art Institute of Chicago; Member Union League, Onwentsia, Saddle & Cycle. Residence: 711 Rush Street Office: 313 Postal Telegraph Bldg. 11
Adams, Cyrus Hall, Jr. - b. 1881 Son Cyrus Hall/Emma J. Blair. A.B. Princeton Univ. 1903; LLB Northwestern Univ. School of Law, 1906; married Mary S. Shumway of Chicago in 1906. Admitted to the IL bar 1906 and thence actively engaged in practice at Chicago. Republican. Presbyterian. Member. Chicago Bar Assn. Clubs: University, Saddle and cycle. Residence: 121 E. Huron St. Office: First Nat'l Bank bldg.11
Adamson, David P. - Dunfermline - Mormon who pushed a hand-cart for 1,300 miles to reach his new home in Salt Lake City, UT.1
Adamson, George - (1906-1989) He was born in India of Scottish ancestry. He protected animals, particularly lions and their environment, in Africa. He and his wife Joy created the legend of Elsa, a lion cub they raised, and which became famous in the book and film Born Free.14
Adamson, John - He published the Boston Scotsman from 1906 to 1914. The Caledonia, which appeared between 1901 and 1923.1
Adamson, Robert - a chemist of Edinburgh, was first to recognize the artistic potential of photography. In 1843 he helped David Octavius Hill apply the Calotype process of making photographic prints on silver chloride paper. Working together, they produced some 2500 Calotypes, mainly portraits but also landscapes (1843-8).14
Adamson, Thomas - Indentured Servant Maryland 1775. He was 21, a tanner indented 4 years, and arrived on the Fortune.10
Addison, Alexander - (1759-1807). Born in Scotland, became President Judge of the Fifth Judicial District of Pennsylvania under the Constitution of 1770.1
Aiken, Howard H. - Presumed to be Scottish by his surname, is credited with producing the world’s first automatic sequence computer in 1939. He was assisted by Grace Murray Hopper.14
Aikin, James - Settled in NY 1774. Millwright, who at 41 sailed on the Golden Rule.10
Aitchison, Robert - Member of South Chicago Caledonian Club and Member of the Robert Burns Memorial and Monument Committee. Director of the Illinois Saint Andrew Society in 1891.
Aitken, Jane (1764-1832) - The daughter of Robert Aitken, Jane was one of the first American female printers, she was also a bookseller, bookbinder, business-woman, and employer during the early nineteenth century who emigrated from Paisley, Scotland with her family to Philadelphia in 1769. Jane’s own unique contribution to American printing history was as publisher to Charles Townsend's work of the first American translation of the Bible, published in four octavo volumes in 1808. She was the first woman to ever print the Bible and this was the first complete English translation of the Bible since the KJV two centuries earlier.
Aitken, Robert - (1734-1802). Dalkeith-born printer and publisher set himself up in Philadelphia as a bookseller. A few years later he was publishing the Pennsylvania Magazine to which Tom Paine contributed. He also produced the first engravings of the Revolutionary War. He printed the 'Aitken bible', the first complete English Bible printed in America when imports were halted from Britain -- the only one ever authorized and approved by Congress it has become known as the Bible of the Revolution.He was succeeded in business by his daughter, Jane.1,14
Aitken, Robert Ingersoll - born in San Francisco of Scottish parents, he designed the monuments to President McKinley at St. Helena, Berkeley and in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco. He also designed the monument to the American Navy in Union Square, SF. In 1906 he moved to New York and has executed busts of some of the most prominent Americans of the day. Notable of his ideal sculptures are "Bacchante" (1908), "The Flame" (1909) and "Fragment" (1909).17
Aitken, William Maxwell (Lord Beaverbrook) - (1879-1964) Son of a Presbyterian minister who had immigrated from Scotland to New Brunswick. Aitken became a millionaire stockbroker in Montreal at age 29 and moved to England, where he was elected to Parliament. In 1916 he bought control of the London Daily Express and two years later founded the Sunday Express. He bought the Evening Standard in 1923. Aitken greatly increased the circulation of his papers and made another fortune. He held the rank of British cabinet minister in both world wars.14
Aitkin’s, Robert - On the frigate Trumbull during the Revolutionary War.1tt
Atkinson, Hugh Craig (November 27, 1933 - October 24, 1986) was an American librarian known for his innovations in library automation and cooperation. He served as director of libraries at Ohio State University from 1971 to 1976 and at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign from 1976 to 1986. In 1999, American Libraries named him one of the 20th century’s 100 most important leaders in librarianship. Annual award in Atkinson's honor: The American Library Association (ALA) honors Atkinson’s
innovations in librarianship through a yearly award. The Hugh C. Atkinson Memorial Award “honors the life and accomplishments of Hugh C. Atkinson by soliciting nominations and recognizing the outstanding accomplishments of an academic librarian who has worked in the areas of library automation or library management and has made contributions (including risk taking) toward the improvement of library services or to library development or research.”
Badenoch, John Joseph - hay, grain, etc.; b. Fyfeshire, Scotland, Apr. 19, 1851; s. Joseph and Helen (tough) Badenoch; ed. public schools of New York; m. Chicago, 1874, Clemence Ward; children: Joseph W., John J., Jr. (deceased), Edward C., Annie L., David A., Ernest W. Began in New York as errand boy; came to Chicago 1867, and was in employ of M. Kronberg & Co., wholesale jewelers, for 7 years; in 1873 established present firm of J. J. Badenoch & Co., commission merchants and shippers of hay, grain, feed, etc., of which is still at head as pres. Republican. Was Alderman of old 11th Ward; pres. of the board of Election Commissioners 3 years, and Board of Education 3 years; gen. supt. of police of the City of Chicago 2 years. Member Chicago Board of Trade. Mason: Past Commander St. Bernard Commander, K. T. Pres. and one of founders of Masonic Orphans’ Home. Pres. St. Andrew’s Soc. Club: Illinois. Office: 44 S. Desplanes St. Residence: 282 Park Av.20
Barrie, James Matthew (Sir) - (1860-1937) He was born in Kirriemuir, Angus, the son of a weaver. From 1890 wrote for the theatre, beginning with the successful Walker, London (1893), Quality Street (1902), The Admirable Crichton (1902), and What Every Woman Knows (1908), which established his reputation. He was already a well-known novelist when, in 1904, he authored the play Peter Pan, which made him famous. He continued his excursions into fairyland in such later plays as Dear Brutus (1917) and Mary Rose (1920). He became a baronet (1913), was awarded the Order of Merit (1922), and was rector of Edinburgh University (1930-7). 14, 18
Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall (Sir) - British soldier and astronomer, born in Largs, North Ayrshire, W Scotland, UK. At 16 he entered the army, and served with distinction in Flanders, the West Indies, Spain, and North America, being promoted major-general in 1813. He was Governor of New South Wales from 1821-5. He catalogued 7385 stars, and received the Copley Medal from the Royal Society. Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, was named after him. .14
Byron, Ada - In 1843, the daughter of the half-Scottish poet Lord Byron, wrote a list of instructions for a hypothetical computer theorized by the Englishman Charles Babbage, thus becoming the world’s first computer programmer. In 1979, the U.S. Department of Defense named its new standardized computer language ADA in her honor. 14
Byron, George Gordon (Lord) - (1788-1824) Half Scottish poet who burst onto the literary scene in 1812 with "Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage." Even today, many Europeans consider Byron to have been England’s greatest poet, Shakespeare included. He was the most famous Briton in the world in 1824, the year the Greeks asked him for help in their war of independence against the Turks. Byron, who had visited Greece previously and was enchanted by it, arrived with nine servants, a dozen small cannon and colorful military uniforms. All Europe was impressed and began to support the Greek cause and contribute money to it. When Byron died of fever he became a mythical figure, and his is one of the few foreign names bestowed upon Greek children.14
Craig, Elijah - Made the first batch of corn whiskey in Bourbon county, KY.14 Craig, George - The son of a Glasgow steelworker, he merged Harper and Row of New York (owned by Rupert Murdoch) in 1990 with Collins to form Harper-Collins, a British- American publishing house with $1.5 billion in revenues. He became chief executive of the new company.14
Craig, Michael - talented young Perth sculptor from California is completing his first year at the New York Academy of Art.1
Craig, Rev. Mr. - Tutored Richard Henry Lee who introduced the resolution calling for independence.14
Craig, Robert - (b. 1824) Foreman at Rose Hill Cemetery, Chicago, IL, was born in Renfrewshire, Scotland, on May 31, 1824. He emigrated to America in 1853 going first to Philadelphia and then to Woodford County, Kentucky. There he was employed by Robert Alexander in taking care of the fine stock on his farm. In 1856 he came to Chicago and was first employed by the Galena Railroad as a section boss. He was also involved in ditching the South Branch of the Chicago River. After 1856, he spent his winters in the South, making ditches and levees. In 1857, he built levees and ditches for Evanston. In 1862, Mr. Craig moved to Hyde Park and constructed the ditches, sewers and highways for that town. In 1879 he was made foreman of Rose Hill Cemetery. He was married twice, first to Miss Sarah Messenger and after her death, he married Mrs. Wagg, nee Miss Elizabeth Maskelen of England. She had one son, George Wagg.
Craig, Robert - (b. May 9, 1840) Mfr/Member Illinois St. Andrew Society 1910. Born Port Glasgow, Scotland; son James and Christina (Houston) Craig; ed. Scottish schools; married Peotone, IL 1872 Jane Duffy. Left Greenock, Scotland 1854; settled in Providence RI until 1869; served apprenticeship 4 years at trade of plumbing, steam and gas fitting with J. W. Bishop, New Haven, Ct.; Worked at that trade for a year in Albany and Troy, N.Y.; Came to Chicago 1865 and continued in the trade until 1867, when joined Robert Weir in firm of Weir & Craig, plumbers; incorporated 1889, Weir & Craig Mfg. Co., manufacturers plumbers’ and steam fitters’ supplies, of which is V.P. Presbyterian. Mason. Residence 6609 Lexington Ave. (Residence in 1905: 6615 Wentworth Av.) Office 2439 Wallace St.11, 20
Craig, William - Member Illinois St. Andrew Society, 1893. Born Ayr, Scotland
Cullen, William - (1710-1790) He was the foremost medical teacher of his time, and at Glasgow University became Britain’s first chemistry professor. But he is best remembered for his Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia, the first modern pharmacopoeia, published in 1776.14 Duff, James S. - died July 26, 1913; buried Rose Hill, Section E, Chicago, IL, by the Illinois St. Andrew Society.
Duff, William L. - Lt. Col. in the Revolutionary War, 2nd Illinois Reg of Artillery, he is buried in Edinburgh beneath the statue of Lincoln.
Edison, Thomas Alva - (b. 1847) Demonstrated the first complete incandescent lighting system at Menlo Park, New Jersey in 1879. His paternal line most likely originated in Scotland. His mother was Mary Elliott, of Scottish ancestry. This "Wizard of Menlo Park" amassed 1,098 patents. Among his most famous basic inventions are the stock ticker (1870) and the mimeograph (1876), which was the first practical duplicating machine. In 1877 he produced the phonograph and a year later the wax phonograph record. He is also credited with the invention of motion pictures in 1894 and talking motion pictures in 1913.14